Evidence: National and Beyond

Nationally and beyond, extensive data collection and analyses over the last two decades have yielded three significant categories of SI benefits. In addition, a recent meta-analysis of all published SI research 2001 - 2010 found studies in support of all three of the following claims, and no studies contradicting them (Dawson, Phillip; van der Meer, Jacques; Skalicky, Jane; Cowley, Kym (2014).

  1. Students participating in SI within the targeted high-risk courses earn higher mean final course grades than students who do not participate in SI. This finding is still true when analyses control for ethnicity and prior academic achievement.
  2. Despite ethnicity and prior academic achievement, students participating in SI within targeted high-risk courses succeed at a higher rate (withdraw at a lower rate and receive a lower percentage of repeatable grades) than those who do not participate in SI.
  3. Students participating in SI persist at the institution (re-enroll and graduate) at higher rates than students who do not participate in SI.

Folllowing is extensive bibliography of Supplemental Instruction articles and resources curated by David R. Arendale, University of Minnesota, made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Download bibliography in MS Word format.